St. Kitts and Nevis is an independent federal state with Elizabeth II of England as its Queen and Head of State, represented in the country by a Governor-General. The country consists of two main islands of volcanic origin, with a total area of 261 square kilometers, making it the smallest state of the Americas. Its official language is English, reflecting its history as a British settlement.
The country has a tropical climate all year round, with temperatures reaching a daily average peak of 28 °C from June to October. However, the heat is moderated by sea breezes during the summer months.
The main industries are tourism, light manufacturing and agriculture. Although sugar was the country’s major export, the government has undertaken policies to diversify the agricultural sector and reduce the country’s reliance on this crop. However, tourism is the main economic driver, with tourist arrivals steadily growing since the late seventies. Tourists are drawn to its white sand beaches and many natural attractions such as tropical forests and lava formations. Eco-tourism is also gaining popularity. In addition, the government hosts the annual St. Kitts Music Festival, which is held in June and headlines popular artists from all over the world.